The pride movement in Leipzig is political!
11. The Leipzig Pride stands for queer*-inclusive medicine!
The health care of queer* people in Germany and especially in Saxony is incomplete and barrier-free. In medical education and training, sexual orientation and gender identities hardly ever occur, or only as deviations or as mental disorders. Some therapists are still trying to heal queer* people with so-called “conversion therapy”. Queer* people also have a specific medical need that is far from being met. For example, there is still no standardization and qualification of transsurgery or transmedicine or long-term studies on the effects of hormone therapies.
12. The Leipzig Pride demands that certain population groups are not excluded from donating blood because of a risky sexual behavior they are accused of!
For years, the blood donation centers have been reporting regularly that too little blood is being donated in Germany. Rare blood groups in particular are scarce. Nevertheless, the German Medical Association categorically excludes certain groups of the population in its guideline on collecting blood and blood components and on the use of blood products (Richtlinie Hämotherapie) or temporarily suspending their ability to donate blood.
In Section 220.127.116.11.2, the criteria for a provision are described as follows:
“People whose sexual behavior poses a significantly higher risk of transmission of blood-borne serious infectious diseases such as HBV, HCV or HIV than the general population are to be deferred from donating for a limited period of time for 12 months:
- heterosexual persons with sexual risk behavior, e.g. sexual intercourse with frequently changing partners, Richtlinie Hämotherapie, Gesamtnovelle 2017, mit Erratum/Anpassungen Page 18 of 103
- Persons who offer sexual intercourse for money or other services like drugs (male and female sex workers),
- men, who have sex with men (MSM),
- transsexual persons with sexual risk behavior,“
This rule completely excludes men who have sex with men (MSM) from donating blood. Unless they would refrain from sexual contact with other men for 12 months. However, this rule does not apply to heterosexual singles.
Instead of certifying homosexual and bisexual men as having risky sexual behavior across the board, the German Medical Association should make provisions against the possibility of donating blood based solely on the individual risk behavior of the donor, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
13. The Leipzig Pride calls for a complete ban on conversion “therapies”!
Conversion “therapies” serve the supposed “healing” of homosexuality and transgender or intergender identities. We reject the concept of therapy for this form of treatment, since it intends that there is something to be treated. However, homosexuality, transgender and intersex are not diseases that need to be cured. Rather, these treatments cause massive mental and physical suffering.
We therefore welcome the law on protection against conversion treatments (KonvBehSchG) of June 12, 2020 and in particular the ban on advertising for such treatments. However, the implementation prohibition contained does not go far enough for us.
Paragraph 2 of the KonvBehSchG prohibits conversion treatment for persons under the age of 18 and treatment of “persons who have reached the age of 18 but whose consent to the implementation of the conversion treatment is based on a lack of will” (Paragraph 2 section 2 of the KonvBehSchG).
This formulation continues to open the door to circumventing the ban through small print, deception, etc. In addition to young people/minors, young adults between the ages of 18 and 27 also need special protection from such “therapies”. Because the legal majority does not necessarily mean full personal maturity and stability. This group of people is particularly susceptible to supposed promises of salvation.
In § 5 KonvBehSchG, a prison sentence of up to one year is threatened for carrying out conversion treatments despite the ban. Parents can also be prosecuted. Section 2 states that the penal provision “is not to be applied to persons who act as legal guardians or legal guardians, provided they do not grossly violate their duty of care or legal education by the act.” In our opinion, every person entitled to care or education violates their duty of care or education if they do such “therapy” to a person.
In our opinion, the inhuman conversion “therapies” or conversion treatments should be completely forbidden, without exception.
Source: Bundesgesetzblatt 2020, page 1285 f.
14. The Leipzig Pride demands free tests for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for everyone in Germany at least once a year.
In recent years, it has been noted that the number of first-time HIV diagnoses in Germany has fallen slightly. However, infections with other sexually transmitted infections are increasing. In addition to having sex with a condom or femidom, low-threshold testing options are also important to contain the spread of STIs.
The Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) has been publishing poster campaigns on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for several years. They expressly point out that condoms should be used in order to reduce the risk of contracting an STI, or that you should consult a doctor if you have symptoms that indicate an STI.(https://www.bzga.de/infomaterialien/hivsti-praevention/ liebesleben-kampagne/liebesleben-plakate/)
If there are symptoms, the doctors have a clear indication for a test and the health insurance companies cover the costs. In enlightened medical practices, it is common to draw up a detailed sexual anamnesis. From the results, such as sexual practices and number of sex partners, the attending physician will determine appropriate screening of certain STIs in order to be able to identify and treat asymptomatic STIs as well. In these cases, the health insurance companies also cover the costs incurred.
Many STIs cause no or hardly any symptoms, so that there is no indication and the health insurance companies can refuse to cover the costs. The same applies to routine tests for people with several sex partners per year and without symptoms. If the health insurance companies do not cover these costs, the patient bears them themselves.
The German STI Society publishes recommendations as to who should be examined for STIs and how often. (https://dstig.de/images/DSTIG-Flyer/ Leitfaden/sti%20leitfaden_2.auflage_2014.pdf; https://www.aidshilfe.de/shop/infomappe-furberatung-aidshilfen).
The counseling centers for AIDS and STIs of the health authorities offer anonymous HIV laboratory tests or screenings for other STIs, mainly for men who have sex with men (MSM) and sex workers.
However, the COVID-19 pandemic showed the weak point of this system. Due to the commitment of all staff of the local health authorities to fight the pandemic, the testing options for STI were completely and without replacement stopped for months.
Many Aidshilfe locations or checkpoints in Germany (www.aidshilfe.de/adressen) also offer anonymous HIV tests or tests for other STIs, but cannot meet the demand.
This left people who wanted to be tested for STIs with only one option, a doctor or laboratory test. These tests are not anonymous and are not covered by health insurance in the constellations described, so people may not have themselves tested for fear of the costs.
We therefore demand that all people in Germany, in addition to any existing offers from the health authorities, have at least one annual screening for sexually transmitted infections available from the health insurance companies (both GKV and PKV).
15. The Leipzig Pride demands an end to discrimination and stigmatization of people with HIV!
Today, people living with HIV have a normal life expectancy with a good quality of life. They have a highly effective antiretroviral therapy at their disposal that prevents AIDS so that no one has to die as a result of untreated HIV infection. Effective HIV therapy also protects their sexual partners from HIV infection, i.e. people with HIV do not pass it on even when having sex without a condom. Likewise, a desire to have children can be fulfilled in a natural way, because healthy children can be born under HIV therapy.
Possibilities to protect oneself against an HIV infection are, in addition to the condom, protection through therapy and taking medication against an HIV risk (PrEP). An extraordinary medical development: from deadly threat to easily treatable chronic infection!
Nevertheless, people with HIV are still discriminated against and excluded today, as the current study “Positive Stimmen 2.0” by the German Aids Aid Association (DAH) shows. For example from potential (sexual) partners, at work, when visiting doctors and in the personal environment. The reasons for this are manifold and are often based on misinformation and prejudices.
A current example is the completely incomprehensible exclusion of people with HIV from the Saxon police service. According to a small inquiry to the Saxon state parliament in April 2022 (printed matter no. 7/9350), applicants with HIV are not suitable for the police service.
Stigmatization due to an HIV infection primarily affects men* who have sex with men* (MSM), but also people who use drugs and engage in sex work, as well as people who have fled the country. There is also stigmatization within the queer* scene. For example, people with HIV are assumed to be careless and irresponsible. But only each person can take responsibility for themselves. People with HIV are not solely responsible for this, but everyone involved in sex.
Discrimination and stigmatization mean that people with HIV develop mental illnesses more often than average. Fear of exclusion also discourages people from getting tested for HIV.
The Leipzig Pride is therefore committed to comprehensive education about safer sex, realistic images of life with HIV and how it has changed over the past 20 years, and anti-discrimination work on this topic.
16. The Leipzig Pride demands that asexuality be recognized as an equal sexual orientation alongside other queer* and heterosexuality and that social visibility and political advocacy be created!
Asexuality is a form of sexual orientation and describes people who have little or no sexual attraction to other people. In such a sexualized society in which we currently live, people who feel little or no sexual desire and do not suffer from it are quickly classified as pathological or they disappear into invisibility. In mainstream society, the notion that everyone should have sex appears, and those who deviate from it are seen as deficient or not to be taken seriously.
17. The Leipzig Pride demands more lesbian visibility!
Due to the fact that today several generations can show themselves openly in a more tolerant society, there should have been an increasing lesbian presence over the years. When homosexuals are spoken of, lesbians are “also meant” while gay men often dominate the picture and themes. General society is also reflected in the queer* community. Like all other women, lesbian women have to constantly fight for independent attention, linguistic naming and political relevance. The Leipzig Pride is working towards giving the lesbian way of life more publicity.
18. The CSD demands the equal recognition of bi-/pansexuality in addition to other sexual and romantic orientations and is committed to making specific discrimination against bi-/pansexual people visible!
“It’s just a phase.” “You don’t dare to come out FOR REAL.” “Never with bi.” – Bi people are exposed to specific prejudices and discrimination, on the one hand by the majority society, on the other hand by the queer* community itself be exercised.
Another problem with bi people is their invisibility. Your sexual location by others always depends on the gender of the respective partner. This assignment from the outside results, among other things, in a permanent pressure to justify. Figures show that bisexual/pansexual people have a higher rate of depression and suicide as a result of these exclusions than homosexuals.
We therefore call for public information and education offerings that aim to create visibility for bisexual/pansexual realities and to reflect on prejudices. In addition, we encourage the community itself to discuss and discard exclusionary behavior.
19. The Leipzig Pride supports the interests of people with disabilities and therefore calls for the establishment of accessibility.
People with disabilities are largely restricted in their self-determination and lifestyle by barriers and a lack of social access. This can affect people of any sexuality or gender identity, who are accordingly discriminated against on several occasions — also within the queer community. Since these barriers are avoidable and can be changed, we as Leipzig Pride demand that the city of Leipzig in particular create more accessibility for these people as a role model, e.g. by expanding barrier-free public transport stops and expanding the guide system for the blind across the board People with disabilities can also reach us and take part in the Pride.
20. The Leipzig Pride demands that the diversity of sexual identities can also be lived in old age without discrimination. Gender identities and sexual orientations must be an issue in nursing!
Older, queer* people are a particularly vulnerable group because they have lived through times when they were exposed to far more oppressive social conditions than we are used to today. This often meant that many never dared to come out or had to lead a double life for a long time, sometimes always. For those who dared to come out, it was not uncommon for family and friends (of origin) to be turned away and/or their job to be lost, criminalization and the resulting social isolation to be a problem. This has led to the fact that many of the older people live withdrawn lives today and, if they need care, there are great concerns and fears of being discriminated against by other residents of inpatient residential facilities, but also by the nursing staff (mobile or inpatient). These worries are justified, because it has to be taken into account that sexuality itself and especially sexual orientations and/or gender identities are seldom if ever issues in geriatric care and are therefore completely overlooked.
21. The Leipzig Pride campaigns for ways of life and family models that go beyond the norm and demands legal and social recognition and respectful treatment of them!
Black and white thinking must be questioned and overcome! The goal should be equality and equal rights for all forms of life and families, as well as for all genders. The goal has not been achieved with the so-called “marriage for all”. Rather, it is about recognizing other family relationships and creating a legal status that is open to all people – for example for multiple parents. We also stand for the abolition of spouse splitting and the introduction of “family splitting”, because family takes place where people take responsibility for children and each other and must be supported.
22. The Leipzig Pride demands scientifically based training in gender and sex education for all relevant job profiles at Saxon colleges, universities and vocational schools!
Ignorance and prejudices against queer* people are a major driving force behind discrimination and even violent crimes. This can only change through comprehensive information, education and anti-discrimination work. In research and teaching, the topic of “sexual identities” receives little attention. A modern, enlightened sex education related to everyday life is not accessible to students at Saxon universities, but it is reflected in the curricula of Saxon schools and in pre-school education. This contradiction means that sex education does not take place in class. Gender diversity should be anchored in the training of all educational, teaching, socio-pedagogical, therapeutic and medical professions.
23. The Leipzig Pride calls on the highest school supervisory authority, the Saxon Kultusministerium, to actually exercise their technical supervision and their supervision of the fulfillment of the tasks incumbent on the school authority and to check the implementation of the orientation framework for family and sex education at Saxon schools!
Since August 2016, the orientation framework has stipulated, among other things, interdisciplinary teaching for family and sex education as a school task. When addressing gender, it is pointed out directly that there are children and young people who physically and mentally cannot be assigned to the traditional categories of male and female or who cannot assign themselves.
Lessons should not only discuss scientific issues, but ensure the treatment of a variety of ethical, social and cultural issues. This is to be done in general schools and in the subjects ethics, Protestant/Catholic religion, German, history and social studies/legal education/economics, economics-technology-household/social issues. However, queer* identities are practically non-existent in Saxon schools. In history classes, when National Socialism is discussed, the victims with the pink triangle and the black triangle are hidden. The sexual orientation of the authors is not mentioned in German lessons, although this shaped the work.
Because the previous exclusion of queer* topics from school lessons continues to shape a one-sided, heteronormative image of society and misses the opportunity to counteract prejudices at an early stage.
24. The Leipzig Pride relies on clear information and education for a self-determined life.
Some groups, such as “Concerned Parents”, “March for Life” or evangelical free churches, like to use the word combination advertising for homosexuality when it comes to information on sexual orientation, talk about early sexualization of children when it comes to education about sexuality, sue doctors for advertising abortion (§ 219a StGB) because they provide information about abortions on their websites. This is conscious prevention of knowledge in order to be able to make self-determined decisions. We call on the federal government to set an example and to delete § 219a StGB (Paragraph 219a of the Criminal Code was enacted in 1933 under the rule of the National Socialists) without replacement.
25. The Leipzig Pride demands that people are not discriminated for their sexual behavior (type, manner and frequency)!
Sexual behavior as part of social behavior is individual for each person. So there is not one sexual behavior. Man can consciously choose between complete sexual abstinence and permanent debauchery. People who have sex frequently or with many changing partners are often devalued. Likewise, people who indulge in fetish tendencies are labeled “perverted,” and people in polyamorous relationships are assumed to be all about sex. In relation to their sexual practices, homosexuals are also accused of being “perverted” while lesbians do not practice “real sex”.
Our demand is therefore clear and unequivocal: this must stop. Each person should focus on themselves and their own life and be at peace with themselves. After all, only one thing counts: to be satisfied and happy.
We assume that the sexual behavior mentioned here takes place with the mutual consent of the sexual partners.
26. The Leipzig Pride demands more tolerance and respect within the queer* community!
While the Pride places great emphasis on demands that affect society as a whole, we should not forget that we too are part of this society. Even within the queer* community, exclusion and intolerance are everyday problems. Unfortunately, sexism, racism, classism and transphobia, as well as discrimination based on appearance, age and many other characteristics are also omnipresent in our ranks. The Stonewall riots of 1969 started a movement where queer* people took to the streets as a cohesive group to stand up for their common rights. In the spirit of this thought, we should reflect more on the fact that our community is diverse and sensitize ourselves not to forget the value of cohesion within the community in addition to the acceptance that we demand from the outside. Because we are only strong together! Therefore, the Pride relies on putting these values more in the foreground again and expects more respect and acceptance in dealing with each other!
27. The Leipzig Pride demands the destigmatisation of sex work!
Because of their work, sex workers are still stigmatised and discriminated against in our society. They experience everyday exclusion, unequal treatment, are exposed to hatred, violence and state repression. Especially queer* sex workers are affected by multiple discrimination.
Since its introduction, the German Prostitution Protection Act has failed to serve its purpose. It does not protect sex workers, but only brought new obligations for them. This is typical for a law that was not developed with the target group in mind. In public debates, too, sex workers are repeatedly denied autonomy over their own lives. They are not trusted to be able to live their sexuality in a self-determined way, which is an inseparable part of their work. This paternalism must stop. Discrimination by the state and society are the biggest obstacles for sex workers to live and work in dignity.
Sex work is a broad, heterogeneous field of work that cannot be generalised. For some, it is an expression of self-determination and autonomy to be accepted and desired with their own sexuality or identity. An experience that is not yet taken for granted in our society. The Leipzig Pride recognises sex work as equal work and is clearly against a ban on buying sex. We condemn forced prostitution and human trafficking in the strongest possible terms. We demand equal rights and social participation for sex workers in order to strengthen and protect them.
28. The Leipzig Pride demands that the problems named here be understood as problems for society as a whole!
Excluding and discriminating behavior are not problems of individuals or social subgroups, but they can be found in every social environment and run through society as a structure! Furthermore, homophobia, biphobia, transphobia and interphobia cannot be viewed separately from other inequalities and certainly cannot be changed! We criticize outdated power relations as expressed, for example, in sexism, racism, classism, discrimination based on appearance and hostility towards people with disabilities! Our focus here is also on ourselves and hostilities within our community. Because even a personal identification as queer* and thus as part of the LSBTTIQA* community does not protect against negative comments among each other. A group cannot and must not be emancipated at the expense of others! Diversity is an opportunity for everyone!
Fragen oder Anmerkungen? Dann schreib uns!